Euro Journal

Connection between social media use and mental health (A Systematic Review)

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Abstract:

Using social media can exacerbate mental health issues, according to new research. As a result of a systematic review, the consequences of social networking on mental health are summarised. 50 papers were selected from Google Scholar databases and 16 papers were chosen after using various inclusion and exclusion criteria. It was a cross-sectional study in eight publications. It was a longitudinal study in three papers. Anxiety and despair were shown to be the two most common outcomes of mental health. Spending time on social media can have a favourable influence on mental health. A cross-sectional design and sampling restrictions have led to substantial variances. We need to do more qualitative research and more cohort studies on how social media effects mental health.

Introduction & Historical Background:

In order to advance in life, humans need other people’s company to help them do so. Thus, being socially linked with others helps ease stress and anxiety, as well as melancholy, but being socially isolated can pose major threats to your mental health.

Social networking is a great way to connect:

In the last several years, social media has become an integral part of many people’s everyday lives. Facebook, Instagram, and Messenger are all popular social media platforms that are used by a great number of individuals. The topic is being investigated by a large number of experts and specialists in order to better understand the impact of social media and applications on various parts of people’s life. In 2019, there were 3.483 billion social media users, representing a 9% rise over the previous year. In January 2020, the gender distribution of social media audiences was broken down by platform. While only 38.5 percent of Twitter users identify as male, 62 percent of Snapchat users do so, which is a significant disparity. Women were more likely than men to use LinkedIn or Facebook, according to the study. Recently, social media has grown increasingly important in people’s daily lives, as has been demonstrated by numerous studies. Despite the fact that social media sites have many beneficial and entertaining characteristics, they can also lead to mental health problems. According to previous study, age has no impact on mental health, however gender does have an impact.

Effects on mental well-being:

People that are mentally healthy are self-aware, can cope with daily problems, work efficiently, and are willing to give back to their communities. The influence of media and mental health is quickly becoming a popular issue of study in the media and academia. It is impossible to overestimate the importance of social networking in the safeguarding

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